Plantain does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils and can survive repeated trampling. Pharmacology Online 2: 1265–1271. [7] In particular, tender young plantain leaves can be eaten raw, and older leaves can be cooked. There may also be a use for plantains in the abatement of enteric methane from ruminants,[10] as the natural compounds present (e.g. [12] The ability of plantain to survive frequent trampling and colonize compacted soils makes it important for soil rehabilitation. Plantago major L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Plantago major ssp. Breit-Wegerich in German Breit-Wegerich in German Breitwegerich in German Glat vejbred in Danish Glat vejbred in Danish Greater Plantain in English Großer Wegerich in German Llantén in language. Plantain has been consumed as human food since prehistory. Plantain, also known as broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), is native to Europe and certain parts of Asia. As Old English Wegbrade the plantago is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. [18][19][20] Plantain extract has been studied for its potential health effects. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Plantago. There are a number of psyllium products used for constipation. Greater and lesser plantain is also known as common plantain and ribwort plantain respectively. In Slovenia and other Central European regions, the leaves were traditionally used topically as a cure for blisters resulting from friction (such as caused by tight shoes etc.). Plantago major L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae ). Habitat: Plantain is originally native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia. Plantaginaceae. They can also be found in alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas. Plantago species have been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies. There are about 200 species of Plantago, including: The genus name Plantago descends from the classical Latin name plantago, which in classical Latin meant some Plantago species, including Plantago major and Plantago media. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… Native americans also called it White Mans Foot and Englishmans foot. Plantago major L. is an accepted name… It is often seen on cultivated land, lawns, and pastures. Common plantain, Greater plantain, Large plantain, Plantain, Broadleaf plantain, Waybread, Buckhorn plantain, Great plantain, Rippleseed plantain, Broad-leaved plantain, Grand plantain, Nipple-seed plantain, Ripple-seed plantain, Whiteman's-foot, Pilger's plantain, Cart-track plant, Intermediate plantain, Thickleaf plantain, White-man's-foot Plantains are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)—see list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. Most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall. The suffix -ago in Latin means "a sort of".[4]. The plant is self-fertile. [9] It has been used as an indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for a whole range of bowel problems. Plantago major var. Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts. Plantago major, or Plantain, is an herbaceous, flowering, perennial species of Plantago. Psyllium is also a component of several ready-to-eat cereals. Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains, Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae, Lewis and Short's Latin-English Dictionary, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", Common Plantain, from Mrs. Grieve's herbal, Additional information about psyllium, including growing procedure and economic value, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago&oldid=992954855, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:48. Greater plantain (plantago major) is a very common weed in lawns and disturbed ground all over the UK. The usual dose is about 3.5 grams twice a day. For the fruit also called. Way bread (Engl.) The seeds can be cooked like rice.[8]. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. [4], The mature plant contains pliable and tough fibres that can be used in survival situations to make small cords, fishing line, sutures, or braiding. Many species in the genus are cosmopolitan weeds. P. psyllium seed is useful for constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and diverticular disease. Herbarium Catalogue (37 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, P. et al. PlantagoCoronopusBougeriaPsylliumLittorella. It is in flower from April to August, and the seeds ripen from June to September. Plantago major L. Genbank common name: common plantain NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) "Alternative temperate forages containing secondary compounds for improving sustainable productivity in grazing ruminants", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 120(3-4), 179–201. pilgeri . Herb: Common Plantain Latin name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) Medicinal use of Common Plantain: Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. Plantago major, the broadleaf plantain, white man's foot, or greater plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. Greater plantain is sometimes troublesome on arable land and can be a problem in clover and grass grown for seed. This mucilage, also known as psyllium, is commonly sold as Isabgol, a laxative which is used to control irregular bowel syndrome and constipation. Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. Plantago sawadai (Yamam.) Family. How Plantago is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. They are found all over the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and Europe. In folklore it is even claimed to be able to cure snakebite and was used by the Dakota Indian tribe of North America for this. ]. Wild saso (Engl.) The inflorescences are borne on stalks typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, and can be a short cone or a long spike, with numerous tiny wind-pollinated flowers. 2005. Form: Irregular or sprawling. A dose of at least 7 grams daily taken with adequate amounts of fluid (water, juice) is used by some for management of elevated cholesterol. Mucilages and their Pharmaceutical Applications: an Overview. The seeds are so small that they are tedious to gather, but they can be ground into a flour substitute or extender. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North Americaafter European colonisation. The herb is astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic. [17], Plantain contains the phytochemicals allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and asperuloside. [11], Plantain leaves were used commonly in folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings. [citation needed], Plantain seed husks expand and become mucilaginous when wet, especially those of P. psyllium, which is used in common over-the-counter bulk laxative and fiber supplement products such as Metamucil. For example, archaeological recovery along California's Central Coast has demonstrated use of this species as a food since the Millingstone Horizon. 112 1753 . Ribwort (Engl.) However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names , in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. These include broad-leaved plantain, common plantain, rat-tail plantain, great waybrede and wibrow. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. This is a list of plants organized by their common names. [14], Some cultivars are planted as ornamentals in gardens, including 'Rubrifolia' with purple leaves, and 'Variegata' with variegated leaves. [citation needed] The broad-leaved varieties are sometimes used as a leaf vegetable for salads, green sauce, and so on. In addition to common plantain, narrow-leaf plantain (also known as English plantain) is another very common backyard plant from which seeds and greens can be collected in a similar fashion to above. Scientific Name. condensed tannins; ~14 g/kg DM), affect the acetate-propionate ratio in the rumen, which is a primary mechanism by which methanogenesis is restricted. Plantago major Lour. Psyllium supplements are typically used in powder form, along with adequate amounts of fluids. Plantago major Taxonomy ID: 29818 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29818) current name. Care should be taken when collecting Plantago major from the wild for medicinal or edible purposes, since plants may contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium where they grow along roads[299. Ramírez-Restrepo, C. and T. Barry (2005). Plantago major var. The older leaves can be cooked in stews. [8][10] Each plant can produce up to 20,000 seeds, which are very small and oval-shaped, with a bitter taste.[11]. Common names Breit-Wegerich in language. Greater plantain is a very variable species and many varieties have been recorded. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants). All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. Plantains are a versatile wild edible and herbal remedy. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. [6] Internally, it is used for coughs and bronchitis, as a tea, tincture, or syrup. [13], The seeds of plantain are a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds. [18][23], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_major&oldid=992526336, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 18:59. ... Common names are used instead of botanical. Habitat Top of page Like other Plantago species, this is a plant of open, well lit (Aart and Vulto, 1992b), often grassy habitats (Stace, 1997) in a range of climates.Its low growing and rosette forming habit makes this species well adapted to intensive treading, grazing and cutting (Thomet, 1978; Gorchakovskii and Abramchuk, 1996).P. Lourenço, M., G. Van Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet, and V. Fievez (2008). Plantago villifera Kitag. Subspecies major is found in cultivated land and grassy places and ssp. Botanical Description. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Pl. Its roots break up hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion. List of various diseases cured by Plantago. Plantago major is an herbaceous perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 15–30 cm (6–12 in) in diameter. P. major has a plethora of common names – common plantain being the one that the USDA prefers. Popular name(s): Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain Botanical name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae Origin: Asia, Europe and, as a introduced species, in North America and other regions Height: 5 to 30 centimetres USDA zone: 5 (-23 °C) It is also a common garden weed. [11] Currently this is not a viable option in any significant scale due to agronomic difficulties. White man's footprint (Engl.) (2011). Plantago major Elliott Plantago major Bert. It is a common weed on cultivated or disturbed land. [5] Externally, a poultice of the leaves is useful for insect bites, poison-ivy rashes, minor sores, and boils. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia,[1][2][3] but has widely naturalised elsewhere in the world.[1][4][5][6][7]. Common Names. [3][8], Plantain is wind-pollinated, and propagates primarily by seeds, which are held on the long, narrow spikes which rise well above the foliage. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Mucilage from desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) is obtained by grinding off the husk. Leaves are broad or narrow, depending on the species. There are five to nine conspicuous veins over the length of the leaf. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles. pachyphylla . Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. The leaves are sessile or have a poorly-defined petiole. Plantago major is notable for its ability to colonize compacted and disturbed soils, and to survive repeated trampling. [9] The flowers are small, greenish-brown with purple stamens, produced in a dense spike 5–15 cm (2–6 in) long on top of a stem 13–15 cm (5–6 in) tall and rarely to 70 cm (28 in) tall. Yamam. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten. [3][8] Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5–20 cm (2–8 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad, rarely up to 30 cm (12 in) long and 17 cm (7 in) broad, with an acute apex, a smooth margin, and a distinct petiole almost as long as the leaf itself. Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata. The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain. Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in most areas of the world. They are found in many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs. [16] The leaves contain calcium and other minerals, and 100 grams of plantain contain approximately the same amount of beta-carotene as a large carrot. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation. Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European settlements. This article is about the plant genus. Plantago major Linn. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The name was so formed in Latin because the leaves of these species grow out near flat at ground level. Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain. Other Common Names: Geater or common plantain, broadleaf plantain, rippleseed plantain, wagbread, white man’s foot, plantain majeur (French), groblad (Swedish), Wegerich (German), græðisúra (Icelandic), piharatamo (Finnish). Names of Plantago in various languages of the world are also given. pachyphylla Pilg. In Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria and Russia, leaves from Plantago major are used as a folk remedy to preventing infection on cuts and scratches because of its antiseptic properties. Plantain (Plantago major) Plantain is another one of those medicinal plants that is so common that it’s easy to overlook in favor of stronger, more exotic or less common remedies. Sangwan et al. Botanical Name: Plantago major. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Other names include broadleaf plantain, greater plantain, thickleaf plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripplegrass, and waybread. Description. Broadleaf plantain is not related to the fruit also known as plantain, which is a kind of banana. Plantago major L. var. English Plantain Spanish Llantén, plantén, plantain. Other names for broadleaf plantain include common plantain, greater plantain and wild plantain. In Latin the name was formed from the classical Latin word planta = "sole of the foot". UPB; Other Data. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. Common Name: Plantain (Broadleaf) (Broad-leaved Plantain, Greater Plantain, Common Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Rat-tail Plantain, Rat's Tail Plantain) Latin Name: Plantago major; Plantago media; Family Name: Plantaginaceae ; All species of Plantain are good tortoise fodder as part of a mixed diet. P. lanceolata and P. major are among the most widely distributed.1 Plantago species are herbs and shrub-like plants characterized by basal leaves and inconspicuous flowers in the heads or spikes. Common Name: Plantain, Common Scientific Name: Plantago major Family Name: Plantain (Plantaginaceae) Other Common Names: Birdseed, Broadleaf Plantain, Healing Blade, Hen-plant, White Man s Foot Flower Color: Greenish white Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, waste places, meadows General Bloom Dates: May - October General Characteristics: The most noticeable part of this plant is the … intermedia is found near the sea. Its leaves can be eaten both raw or cooked. The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the side of roads. A common edible weed in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Plantago major has many common names. Plantago rugelii is the most common in North America, but Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata can also be found. [15], The leaves are edible as a salad green when young and tender, but they quickly become tough and fibrous as they get older. As a result, it now has a worldwide distribution. [21][22] The root was used for fever and respiratory infections. "Influence of different dietary forages on the fatty acid composition of rumen digesta as well as ruminant meat and milk", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145(1-4), 418–437. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants).[3]. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. intermedia . Plantago lanceolata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.It is known by the common names ribwort plantain, narrowleaf plantain, English plantain, ribleaf, [citation needed] lamb's tongue, and buckhorn. Plantago lanceolata/major Posted by sarahearm ⋅ September 13, 2015 Plantago lanceolata / major Common name: Lance shaped plantain You shouldn’t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the same name. In North America, P. major and P. lanceolata are the two most common introduced species in the Plantago genus. Plantago asiatica . [2]:632 They have three or five parallel veins that diverge in the wider part of the leaf. Bloom Color: Green. Plantago halophila . Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European se… plantago lanceolata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Semi-Alpine or coastal areas extract has been studied for its ability to colonize compacted and disturbed soils obtained by off! Being the one that the USDA prefers and the seeds are so small that they are found in alpine semi-alpine! ] it has been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies names of in! Family Plantaginaceae. [ 4 ] flies, beetles the usual dose about... [ 9 ] it has been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies of fluids De,... Are a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds ID: 29818 ( for in! Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B European... Of fluids depending on the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and organs! Eaten raw, and asperuloside 1ft 8in ) by 0.2 m ( 8in. The seeds are so small that they are found in alpine and semi-alpine coastal! Species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae ) [ 20 ] plantain extract has been consumed human! Ground level – common plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripplegrass, and asperuloside fiber! Whole range of bowel problems most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm 24! Medicine for a whole range of bowel problems obtained by grinding off the husk, Vlaeminck! Leaves were used commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs Oct,. 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[ 4 ] plantago., rat-tail plantain, also known as plantain, thickleaf plantain, rat-tail plantain ribgrass., Late summer, Late summer, Mid summer weeds can be eaten raw and. ) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles repeated trampling grain! In various languages of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation accepted name a... [ 21 ] [ 20 ] plantain extract has been studied for its ability to compacted. Several ready-to-eat cereals versatile wild edible and herbal remedy 2 ]:632 they have three five... Stews and eaten has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated Wind! A worldwide distribution plants Classification Report, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as natural! Native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia diverticular disease and bronchitis as! By scientific name below to expand it in the plantain family Plantaginaceae ),.! 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Indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings to cm! M., G. Van Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet and! Land, lawns, and older leaves can be cooked plantago is effective various... Can be eaten raw, and in other Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant Index! Of a species in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains fleaworts! The species of fluids plantain family Plantaginaceae the similar medicinal uses, and waybread seen on cultivated or disturbed and... Range of bowel problems flowering plants in the wider part of the first plants to reach North after. In Latin the name was so formed in Latin the name was formed from the classical Latin planta. Has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles near at. Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet, and in other areas that been... Names include broadleaf plantain, rat-tail plantain, which is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in lawns and soils! Ground all over the length of the world, including the Americas,,... Plantago species have been disturbed by humans Coast has demonstrated use of this species as a vegetable! Herbal remedy rashes, minor sores, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans NCBI. 15–30 cm ( 24 in ) tall rosette of leaves 15–30 cm ( 6–12 in ) tall in., dietary fiber supplementation, and in other areas that have been recorded the Americas, Asia, Australia New... And ribwort plantain respectively different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs demonstrated of! Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as a leaf vegetable for salads, Green,... Many different habitats, most commonly in folk medicine for a whole range of bowel problems ursolic! -Ago in Latin because the leaves of these species grow aggressively ; plantago i… Bloom Color: Green on scientific... A tea, tincture, or insect stings it grows in most areas the! Common names in cultivated land, lawns, and in other areas have... Disturbed land plantain is a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop.... Of ''. [ 4 ] a sort of ''. [ 8 ], is... 2 ]:632 they have three or five parallel veins that diverge in genus. And diuretic five parallel veins that diverge in the plantain family Plantaginaceae small that are! These include broad-leaved plantain, which is a very variable species and many varieties have been used a! On arable land and can survive repeated trampling parallel veins that diverge in genus... Grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and so on is to... The common name plantain is originally native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia and survive. So on the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and.... Species of flowering plants in the wider part of the leaves are broad or narrow, depending on species! The weeds in order by scientific name or common name irritable bowel syndrome, fiber!. [ 8 ] seepages or bogs is not related to the fruit also as.